Tobacco which was known for its medicinal properties has now become deadliest substance in the world. WHO declared May 31st as world No Tobacco Day. Every year 6 million people die as a victim under the attack of tobacco and more than 6 lakh people die just standing next to the smokers. If you are a tobacco smoker, your chances of developing multiple blockages and long-term result following any intervention on the heart is much higher.
Why is tobacco harmful?
With each inhalation, smoke brings its more than 5,000 chemical substances in contact with the body’s tissue. From the beginning, tar, a black, resinous material begins to colour the teeth and gums, gradually led to the decay of the same which also damages nerves endings in the nose effects on the system of smell. Inside the airways and the lungs, smoke increases the likelihood of infections as well as chronic diseases like bronchitis and emphysema. The smoke fills the alveoli, tiny air sacs that enable the exchange of Oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and blood. A toxic gas called carbon monoxide crosses that membrane into the blood binding the hemoglobin and displacing the oxygen, transported around the body. That is why smoking leads to oxygen deprivation and shortness of breath. Nicotine and other chemicals from the cigarette enter into the blood vessels and damage their delicate endothelial lining restricting blood flow which lead to heart attacks and strokes.It’s also damages eyesight, weakened bones and makes it hard for women to get pregnant and in men can cause erectile dysfunction.
Significance in the era of covid-19
Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General said, “Smokers have up to a 50% higher risk of developing severe disease and death from Covid-19, so quitting is best thing smokers can do to lower their risk from this corona virus, as well as the risk of developing cancers, heart disease and respiratory illnesses and We urge all countries to play their part by joining the WHO campaign and creating tobacco-free environments that give people the information, support and tools they need to quit, and quit for good.”As habit of smoking will damage the lungs already,there is a higher incidence of severe lung complications following Covid in smokers as compared to non-smokers.Elaborating on weakening of the immune system and increased risk of Covid-19 transmission by smokers, Tobacco smoke contains toxic chemicals which cause damages to the linings of the airways and the lungs. The chemicals in tobacco smoke suppress the activity of different types of immune cells leading to weakening of immunity and thus impairing one’s ability to fight the Covid infection. The act of smoking will increase the chances of covid -19,as the fingers and possibly contaminated cigarettes coming in contact with the lips and thus increasing the risk of transmission of virus from hand to mouth.
The happiness from the intoxication is just like the life of a bubble.It is powerful enough to conquer us through its temporary happiness.But we have to understand the fact that this short happiness will throw us into the hell of sufferings.”say no to tobacco, switch on the real happiness”.