Rajasthan is the largest state of India and Jaipur is the capital of this state. Its area is 342,239km square. In the past, what is now Rajasthan were partly part of the Vedic Civilization and Indus Valley Civilization.  By population Rajasthan is the 7th largest state of India. It is located on the north-west side of India. Its big attraction is the GREAT INDIAN DESERT.

Rajasthan is actually “the land of kings”. The history of Rajasthan is 5000 years old. According to history Rajasthan is found in a stone inscription of 625 AD. In the 9th century, Rajasthan was grabbed by the “Rajput” royal family. So, we must say that it is the land of Rajput. In Rajput rulership there was much improvement in Rajasthan, the landmark was growing in their rulership. If anybody stroll along the path of Rajasthan they can see the magical historical building, sculpture, fort, temple which were built by the Rajput kingdom. But over the centuries the Rajput kingdom divided into 21 dynasties and 36 Rajput clans.

 After that in 10th century Rajasthan was grabbed by the “Chouhan” emperor but their rulership was not for long as “Rajput”. In 1192 AD the Prithvi raj Chauhan was defeated by Muslim sultan and concurred some part of the state.

In the early 13th century AD, there was the most powerful and prominent seat which was “Mewar”. In the modern period (1707-1947 AD) Rajasthan had never been united politically until its domination by Mughal Emperor but Mughal Emperor started to decline after 1707 AD. After the decline of Mughal Emperor, there was political disintegration by the dismemberment of Mughal Empire. After the decline of the Mughal Emperor the “Marathas” infiltrated in Rajasthan. In 1755 Marathas occupied Ajmer.

Rajasthan is a damn beautiful place. It is culturally rich and the culture has a touch of great tradition which is a reflection of ancient Indian way of life. There is a “folk culture” in the village which is a cultural symbol of the state. Their traditional folk dance is Ghoomar or Ghumar. Also, folk music is a part of Rajasthani culture, which is sung by Manganhar and Longa communities.

It is true that Rajasthan is well known for their traditional culture but there is also one more attractive feature which is the colorful art like block prints, tie and dye prints, Gota patto, Bagru print, Sanganer Prints and Zari embroidery. Their crafts are beautiful.

Rajasthan’s main festivals are Navaratri, Deepawali, Holi, Gangur, Teej, Gogaji, Janmashtami etc. In winter there is a desert festival in Rajasthan.

Tourism industry is the major income source of Rajasthan. Jaipur – the pink city is situated here. The foreign travelers are too attracted to Rajasthan. The main travel places are- Jaipur, temples of Rajsamand, Pali, the lakes of Udaipur, the sand dunes of Jaisalmer and Bikaner, Mandawa and Fatehpur, Dungarpur, Banswara, Pushkar etc. “Sonar Kella “which is the name of the famous fort of Jaisalmer is the big attraction of Rajasthan. The name “Sonar Kella ” was given by the great Bengali filmmaker Satyajit Ray for his movie named “Sonar Kella ”.  

 Jaipur’s Jantar Mantar, Mehrangarh Fort, Stepwell, Dilwara temples, Chittor Fort, etc are the tourist spots. Desert’s camel ride is the most interesting thing.

Categories: Culture and History, World