Kolkata was initially the capital of the British Raj, which means that several structures constructed by them during the pre-Independence era still stand strong along with other iconic ones in the city. From rajbari and museums to churches places, our City of Joy boasts of many beautiful heritage sites that you must check them out.
Now kolkata (calcutta) is capital of India’s West Bengal state. Kolkata is also known for architecture, art gallery, cultural festival.
1. Victoria Memorial :-
The Victoria Memorial is possibly the most awesome reminder of the Raj to be found in India. It is one of the famous and beautiful monuments of Kolkata.It was built between 1906 and 1921 to commemorate Queen Victoria’s 25-year reign in India. After the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, the British government gathered the reins of control of the country directly, and in 1876 the British parliament made Victoria the Empress of India. Her reign ended with her death in 1901.
2. Maidan :-
Maydan is a massive green place trails, Riverside, picnic spot including some sports venu. The Maidan (literally, open field), also referred to as the Brigade Parade Ground,is the largest urban park in Kolkata in the Indian state of West Bengal.The Maidan is dotted with statues and architectural works, the most notable being the Victoria Memorial. For the greenery and refreshment this place known as ‘Lungs of Calcutta’. The property of the Indian Army, the Maidan hosts the army’s Eastern zone high command in Fort William.
3. Nandan :-
Nandan is one of the main venues of the Kolkata International Film Festival, hosting it till 2010. It is a government-sponsored film and cultural centre in Kolkata, India. The primary aim of the cultural hub is to encourage and facilitate cinematic awareness in society. While in 2011 the opening and closing ceremonies was shifted to Netaji Indoor Stadium, Nandan remains the main centre for the festival.The foundation stone of Nandan was laid by former Chief Minister of West Bengal Jyoti Basu in 1980 and it was inaugurated by film-maker Satyajit Ray on 2 September, 1985. Most favorite place of film lovers all around Kolkata.
4. South Park-street Cemetery :-
The Park Street Cemetery was one of the earliest non-church cemeteries in the world, and probably the largest Christian cemetery outside Europe and America in the 19th century. Opened in 1767 on what was previously a marshy area, the cemetery was in use until about 1830 and is now a heritage site, protected by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). The tombs are an admixture of the Gothic with a rich flavour of the Indo-Saracenic style. Of the latter, mention may be made of a unique and composite brick structure built in the ‘panchyatana’ manner, with a central dome flanked by miniature replicas of Orissan ‘rekha deul’ on four sides. Coupled with this peculiarity, the black basalt carvings on the frontal façade indicate a distinct respect for the Hindu faith.
5. Dakshineshwar Kali Temple :-
The Dakshineswar Kali Temple was founded around the middle of the 19th century by Rani Rashmoni.Rani Rashmoni was a Mahishya by caste and was well known for her philanthropic activities. This temple is a Hindu navaratna temple located at Dakshineswar. Situated on the eastern bank of the Hooghly River, the presiding deity of the temple is Bhavatarini, a form of Parashakti Adya Kali, otherwise known as Adishakti Kalika.This temple is one of the most visited temple in Kolkata.
6. Howrah Bridge :-
The Howrah Bridge is one of four on the Hooghly River and is a famous symbol of Kolkata and West Bengal.The Bridge is a balanced cantilever bridge over the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India. Commissioned in 1943,the bridge was originally named the New Howrah Bridge, because it replaced a pontoon bridge at the same location linking the two cities of Howrah and Kolkata (Calcutta). The night lightning of Howrah bridge is mesmerizing.
7. Thakur Bari :-
Jorasanko Thakur Bari or House of the Thakurs (anglicised to Tagore) in Jorasanko, North Kolkata, West Bengal, India, is the ancestral home of the Tagore family. It is the place where Rabindranath Tagore was born and spent most of his childhood. It was built in the 18th century on the land donated by the famous Sett family of burrabazar to ‘Prince’ Dwarkanath Tagore (Rabindranath Tagore’s grandfather).The house has been restored to reflect the way the household looked when the Tagore family lived in it and currently serves as the Tagore museum for Kolkata.
8. Prinsep Ghat :-
Prinsep Ghat was located between the Water Gate and the St George’s Gate of the Fort William, the monument to Prinsep is rich in Greek and Gothic inlays. It was restored by the state’s public works department in November 2001 and has since been well-maintained.The Palladian porch in the memory of the eminent Anglo-Indian scholar and antiquary James Prinsep was designed by W. Fitzgerald and constructed in 1843.Prinsep Ghat is one of the oldest recreational spots of Kolkata. People visit it in the evenings on weekends to go boating on the river, stroll along the bank and purchase food from stalls there.One of the songs in the Bollywood film Parineeta was shot here on the ghats.
9. Rabindra Sarobar :-
Rabindra Sarobar also known as Dhakuria Lake is an artificial lake in South Kolkata in the Indian state of West Bengal.The lake and the surrounding green cover occupy an area of 192 acres. The water body is of 73 acres while the green cover has an area of 119 acres. It has a unique bio diversity and attracts 107 species of birds, which includes 69 resident birds, 14 local migrants, 23 long distant migrants and one summer visitor. The green cover has 11,000 trees of which 7.500 are over 75 years old. Sometimes there was a opportunity of rowing in this lake for visitors. Many bangali films shooted in this place.
After visiting all those place you will definitely agree with that – ‘Kolkata , The City Of Joy’.
Categories: Culture and History