Post-War Japanese Cinema

Because of the World War II and the weak economy, unemployment became widespread in Japan and the cinema industry suffered. During this period,when Japan was expanding its empire, the Japanese government saw cinema as a propaganda tool to show the glory and invincibility of the Empire of Japan. Thus,many films from this periods depict patriotic and militaristic themes.

In 1942, Kajiro Yamamoto’s film Hawai Mare Oki Kaisen portrayed the attack on Pearl Harbor. In 1945, Japan was defeated in World War II, the rule of Japan by the SCAP(Supreme Commander for the Allied Forces) began. Movies produced in Japan were managed by GHQ’s subordinate organisation CIE.

“Akira Kurosawa’s “Akatsuki no Dasso (1950)” was originally a work depicting a Korean military comfort woman starring Yoshiko Yamaguchi,but with dozens of CIE censorship, it became an original work.”

The 1950s are widely considered the Golden Age of Japanese Cinema. Three Japanese films from this decade appeared in the top of sight and sound’s critics and director’s polls for the. EST film of all time in 2002. War movies restricted by SCAP began to be produced, Hideo Sekigawa’s “Listen to the voices of the sea(1950)” and other works aimed at the tragic and sentimental retrospective of the war experience, one after another, it became a social influence.

The decade started with Akira Kurosawa’s “Rashomon(1950)” which won the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival in 1951 and the Academy Honorary Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 1952, and marked the entrance of Japanese Cinema onto the world stage. The first Japanese film in color was “Carmen comes Homes” directed by Keisuke Kinoshita and released in 1951.

” The 1980s saw the decline of the major Japanese film studios and their associated chains of cinemas, with major studios Togo and Toei barely staying in business.”

” Mini theaters, a type of independent movie theatres characterized by a smaller size and seating capacity in comparison to larger movie theatres, gained popularity during the 1980s”

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