As of now July 2021, there are 7.9 billion people in this world. Day by day, the population of humans in this earth is increasing rapidly, especially in countries like China and India. Excess of everything is big problem. Like that excess of population is also a big problem. There many problems with overpopulation. Especially in India, day by day the population is expanding rapidly. In this blog, we are going to discuss what is overpopulation? Why population of India is high? Overpopulation problems in India? How to control overpopulation?
WHAT IS OVERPOPULATION?
Overpopulation is the state at which population becomes so excessive that people must be managed to live. When overpopulation occurs the available resources will become limited or exploited. This makes the population hard to survive. As of now China is the world’s most populated country followed by India.
WHY POPULATION OF INDIA IS HIGH?
Birth rate and death rate are the two aspects that determine the population. If the birth rate is higher than death rate then the population will increase. If the death rate is higher than birth rate than the population will decrease. In India the birth rate is much higher than death rate. India was able to control death rate but it failed to control the birth rate. That’s why India’s population is high. Child marriages is also a reason for overpopulation, even though the law states that the marriageable age for the girls is 18 and boys is 21 years. But in some places the practice is continuing. Old culture norms is also one of the reason in India’s overpopulation. Parents of newly married couple often forces them to have a child. In order to have a male child, couples have more children.
OVERPOPULATION PROBLEMS IN INDIA
The population of India is 1.3 billion alone. India is the second most populated country in the world after china. Experts suggest that India will overtake china in 10 to 15 years. Due to high population there is more competition for everything in India, whether it is a job, college admission etc. Overpopulation generates huge unemployment causing poverty. There will be more unemployed people in India. Which slows down the development of the country. With high population, the resources like land, water and forests will be exploited. With high population, the food prices will rise because there is limited food. Inflation is the major consequence of overpopulation. Overpopulation will cause unequal distribution of money, which widens the difference between rich and poor. In an survey the population density of India in about to be 454 inhabitants live per square kilometre. India ranks 7 position with land.
HOW TO CONTROL OVERPOPULATION?
Government should aware people the consequences of over population. Government should make a population policy regarding the growing population. Increasing the awareness of use of contraceptive devices and free distribution of condoms among the poor. Government should spread the awareness of sex education and family planning. They should encourage people not to specify the birth of the child. Women empowerment should also be encouraged. Organizing campaigns to spread awareness about overpopulation. All these methods will help to control the population of India.
That’s all from my side. I hope you like it.