Kadambini ganguly , the women who broke the mould and became the first South Asian Physician was born on 8th july 1861,Bhagalpur,Bihar in British India . His father Braja Kishore basu was headmaster of bhagalpur school.
Although she was from an upper-caste Bengali community which did not support women’s education ,her father enrolled her in Banga Mahila Vidhyalaya in 1863.She also studied at Bethune School and became first women to pass the University of Calcutta entrance examination in 1978.She and Chandramukhi basu became first female graduates in India.
She married Dwarakanath Ganguly on 12 June 1883.Kadambini had decided to go to clinical school but back then only Madras Medical college admitted female undergraduates,but Kadambini and her husband Dwarakanath fought for the change and she became the first women to get admission in Calcutta Medical College in 1884 .After Graduation kadambini was selected to Lady Dufferin Women’s Hospital in Calcutta,there she was looked down as she did’nt have an MB degree .So,then she travelled to Edinburgh and studied at Edinburgh College of Medicine for Women in 1983.
She obtained triple diploma,being licensed as LRCP(edinburgh),LRCS(glasglow)and GFPS(dublin).After returning to India,she was elevated to the position of senior specialist.Being criticized and being called a whore by a bengali Magazine ‘Bhangbashi’.she did’nt stop campaigning for women’s rights.Her husband took the case to the court and won,and the editor Mahesh Pal was sent to jail for 6 months.She laid a path for many aspiring women in india. She died of tuberculosis on 3 october 1923.
A Bengali serial “Prothama Kadambini” based on her biography is being telecasted on star jalsha since march 2020.
Remembering and honoring the great legend Kadambini Ganguly on her 160th anniversary.