The goals of Bio-medical waste treatment are to cut back or eliminate the waste’s hazards, and frequently to form the waste unrecognisable. Treatment ought to render the waste safe for subsequent handling and disposal. There are many treatment ways which will accomplish these goals. These are some most commonly used disposal techniques:
- Incineration: Most of the Biomedical waste is incinerated. It basically destroys the pathogens and sharps. Most of the materials become unrecognisable because they become as. Alternatives to this can be thermal treatment which results in pathogen destruction.
- Autoclaving: Actoclaving is a techniques often used in laboratories mainly to sterilize the objects or materials used in laboratory to make sure it is free from any bacteria. It basically uses steam and pressure to sterilise the waste or reduce its microbiological load to a level at which it may be safely disposed of. Many healthcare facilities routinely use an autoclave to sterilize medical supplies. If the same autoclave is used to sterilize supplies and treat biomedical waste, administrative controls must be used to prevent the waste operations from contaminating the supplies. Effective administrative controls include operator training, strict procedures, and separate times and space for processing biomedical waste.
- Microwaving: Microwave medical care may use for treatment of medical specialty wastes. Microwave irradiation may be a style of non-contact heating technologies for medical care. Microwave chemistry is predicated on economical heating of materials by microwave effects. Microwave medical care may be a recently developed technology that provides advantage over recent existing technologies of autoclaves as microwave based mostly medical care has less cycle time, power consumption and it needs least usage of water and consumables as compared to autoclaves.
REGULATION AND MANAGEMENT IN INDIA
The Bio-medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998 and additional amendments were passed for the regulation of bio-medical waste management. Every state’s Pollution panel or Pollution management Committee are chargeable for implementing the new legislation. New laws have an effect on the distribution of medical waste by medical professionals into their correct recepticals.
In India, there area unit variety of various disposal ways, the case is purposeless and most area unit harmful instead of useful. If body fluids are present, the materials must be incinerated or place into autoclave. Though this can be the correct technique, most medical facilities fail to follow the laws. It’s typically found that medical specialty waste is drop into the ocean, wherever it eventually washes up on shore, or in landfills because of improper sorting or negligence once within the medical facility. Improper disposal will result in several diseases in animals furthermore as humans. For example, animals, like cows in Pondicherry, are consuming the infected waste and eventually, these infections may be transported to humans World Health Organization consume their meat or milk. Sizable amount of unregistered clinics and establishments additionally generate bio-medical waste that isn’t controlled.
The waste is not disposed accurately because most the people in the profession are not aware of the fact that these bio-medical the waste from the hospitals can transmit diseases and have different side effects on the environment as well.