Types of agriculture in India:
Agriculture is one of the most important fields in India as well as everywhere on earth. Without agriculture, we can’t imagine the world. So, it is compulsory to know the importance of various types of agriculture in India.
1. Primitive Subsistence farming
Primitive Subsistence Farming: This type of farming is practiced on small patches of land. Primitive tools and family/community labour are used in this type of farming. The farming mainly depends on monsoon and natural fertility of soil.
Dry farming or Dry Land Farming refers to an improved system of cultivation whereby maximum amount of water is conserved by soil and water management. It involves efficient system of soil and crop management in the regions of low land and uneven distributed rainfall.
Wet Farming is practiced in the areas of alluvial soils where annual average rainfall is more than 200cm. Here, more than one crop is grown in a year because enough amount of moisture in the soil is available. Rice and jute are the main crops of these types of farming.
Shifting agriculture is a system of cultivation in which a plot of land is cleared and cultivated for a short period of time, then abandoned and allowed to revert to producing its normal vegetation while the cultivator moves on to another plot.
5.Mixed and Multiple Agriculture
Mixed cropping is the practice of cultivating more than one crop, that is growing of two or more crops simultaneously in the same field