Evolutions in the medical domain

  • Small pox was a deadly and contagious disease that nearly killed 35% of its victims, while leaving the rest blind or scarred. The last natural case of small pox according to WHO was in 1977 and it was completely eradicated in 1980 with no such cases now in India.
  • Polio While the WHO continues with its efforts to eradicate the disease, it has been eliminated in India. India certified polio free in March 2014 from over 50000 cases in 1995 when it launched the campaign against polio.
  • Yaws is a kind of chronic bacterial disease which mostly affects tribal population that inhabits remote, hilly and forest areas. It targets skin, bones and joints and was eliminated from India in 2006.
  • Rinderpest caused the death of millions of cattle, buffalo, yak and wild animals leading to famine and starvation. It was declared eradicated in 2011 making it the first animal disease to be eliminated in the history of mankind.

With all the advancements in medicine and science the human race have managed to battle and have won against some of the deadliest diseases mentioned above with the evolution of vaccines and medications and there are also many emerging medical advancements which is very vital for the mankind and for the progression of the society and economy. The broader availability of technologies, digital platforms and aging global population are driving change in the health care industry faster than ever before. The technology over medicines is been growing seamlessly which we might have failed to perceive because of its abundance. Let us have a look at some of the tremendous advancements in the medical field.

Drug development – The development of covid 19 vaccines in less than a year is also one of the greater scientific accomplishments in human history. It is the process of bringing a new pharmaceutical drug to the market once a lead compound has been identified through the process of drug discovery. There has been a constant development in drugs against various diseases. The most important drugs are penicillin for the treatment of microbial diseases, insulin, morphine, aspirin, steroids etc.

Nano medicine– is the medical application of nanotechnology that uses the knowledge and tools of nanotechnology to the prevention and treatment of diseases. It has its applications in imaging, sensing, diagnosis, and delivery through medical devices. It has demonstrated great potential for enabling improved diagnosis and monitoring of many serious illness including cancer, cardiovascular and neurological disorders, HIV/AIDS.

AI & Machine learning are at their best when supplied with vast amounts of raw data, much as one would find flowing in and out of a medical facility. AI is increasingly being used in remote monitoring and telehealth applications. It makes it possible to analyze millions of CAT scans and from that detected patterns could be used to treat, prevent, or predict diseases.

Cancer immunotherapy– Immunotherapy is changing definitions in the medical world, primarily by curing previously un-curable diseases. The premise of immunotherapy is to genetically alter a patient’s cells to work in tandem with the body’s immune system to fight cancer. Unlike chemotherapy, immunotherapy detects and destroys more cancerous cells and reduce tumor growth.

Robotic surgery– Robotics has been making an impact on medical care since the 1980’s, but as the technology behind it has improved, the applications have increased exponentially. Nanobots in the bloodstream can diagnose and prevent disease. Image guided robots can now investigate lesions on the brain without damaging any if the surrounding tissue. Robotic surgery is minimally invasive, more precise, less prone to infection and quicker to heal.

Quantum computing – We still have our place in the initial stages of quantum computing, but this technology has already been used in combination with machine learning to quickly recognize medical tools and annotations during cataract surgery. It could enable a range of disruptive use cases for providers and health plans by accelerating diagnoses, personalizing medicine and optimizing pricing.

Vacuum-induced uterine tamponade device Childbirth should a joyous experience, but between 1% and 5% of women experience postpartum hemorrhage, which is a tragic complication. Vacuum induced uterine tamponade changed all that by creating negative pressure in the uterus to collapse the bleeding cavity and shut off leaking blood vessels. This low cost noninvasive procedure may prove useful with limited access to other treatment options.

Wireless brain sensors This medical device will aid doctors in measuring the temperature and pressure within the brain. Since the sensors are able to dissolve, they reduce the need for additional surgeries.

3-D Printing has quickly become one of the hottest technologies in the market. They can be used to create implants and even joints to be used during surgery. The use of printers can create both long lasting and soluble items. 3-D printing can be used to print pills that contain multiple drugs, which will help patients with the organization , timing and monitoring of multiple medications.

There are plentiful advancements that are flooding the medical industries. And these are the best examples on how technology and medicine go together and all these make it more accurate and more efficient diagnoses and treatments and could win the battle against many dreadful diseases like cancer etc.