India has ranked tenth (10th) in Global Cybersecurity Index (GCI) 2020 by ITU (International Telecommunication Union) by moving up 37 places.
- India scored a total of 97.5 points from a possible maximum of 100 points, to make it to the tenth position worldwide in the GCI 2020.
- India secured the fourth position in the Asia Pacific region.
- India is emerging as a global IT superpower, asserting its digital sovereignty with firm measures to safeguard data privacy and online rights of citizens.
- The result shows substantial overall improvement and strengthening under all parameters of the cybersecurity domain.
Countries which topped the list
- The US topped (1st), followed by the UK (United Kingdom) and Saudi Arabia tied on the second position together.
- Estonia was ranked third (3rd) in the index.
What is the basis of the assessment?
- On the basis of performance on five parameters of cybersecurity, which are Legal measures, technical measures, organisational measures, capacity development, and cooperation.
- The performance is then aggregated into an overall score.
What are the challenges to cyber security in India?
- Deploying multiple cybersecurity tools reinforces a fragmented and complex security environment that is prone to risks arising from human error.
- Cybersecurity challenges companies face as they shift the majority of their employees to a remote working arrangement in a really short period of time.
- India lacks indigenization in hardware as well as software cybersecurity tools. This makes India’s cyberspace vulnerable to cyberattacks motivated by state and non-state actors. India doesn’t have an ‘active cyber defense’ like the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) or the US’ Clarifying Lawful Overseas Use of Data (CLOUD) Act.
What are the Efforts to Improve Cyber Security in India?
- National Cyber Security Strategy 2020: It is being formulated to improve cyber awareness and cybersecurity through more stringent audits.
- Draft Personal Data Protection Bill, 2018 (based on the recommendation of Justice BN Srikrishna Committee) to secure citizens’ data.
- The scheme to set up I4C (Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre) was approved in October 2018, to deal with all types of cybercrimes in a comprehensive and coordinated manner.
- National Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) functions as the nodal agency for coordination of all cyber security efforts, emergency responses, and crisis management.
- Protection and resilience of critical information infrastructure with the set up of National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre (NCIIPC).