360 Wander Writer
Welcome to the Roman World
Colosseum is a giant amphitheater . It is also called as the Flavian Amphitheatre . It is built in Rome under the Flavian emperors. Its construction began during the 70th Common Era. It was opened by the son of Vespasian , Titus . It had 100 days of game which included bull’s fight and other wild animals fight. It also had the Gladiator fights were the Gladiators were generally slaves, condemned criminals or prisoners of war. Aside from the games, the Colosseum also hosted dramas, reenactments, and even public executions.
The Colosseum is a massive structure of stone and concrete . Marble seats were divided into zones: those for richer private citizens, middle-class citizens, slaves and foreigners and finally wooden seats and standing room in the flat-roofed colonnade on the top tier reserved for women and the poor . It is build using a complex system of barrel vaults. It has a seating capacity of about 50000 spectators in which it had 45,000 seated and 5,000 standing spectators. The final stages of construction of the Colosseum were completed under the reign of Titus’ brother and successor, Domitian.
The spectators were shielded from the sun by a massive retractable velarium (awning). Also a well know fact says that the Colosseum served as a church during the medieval times and a prominent fortress for the families of Frangipane and Annibaldi. The Colosseum was damaged by lightning and very badly affected by the earthquake. The play of Vandalism and pollution also played a major role in its damages.
It lost its decorative materials and all marble seats. After understanding the damages , the notable efforts of Pius VIII a restoration project was started in the starting of 1990’s . It is defiantly a major tourist attraction place with an average of about seven million visitors annually. Its construction is made as of it consists of four stories with a height of 45 meters high ,a width of 189 x 156 meters , a roofed awning of canvas . Despite its degradation, a still magnificent monument, a poignant and enduring testimony to both the skills and the vices of the Roman world.