Psychology is the science of mind and behavior. It is the study of how people behave, think, feel and react in relation to a particular field of knowledge or their personal circumstances of life. There are various psychologies behind our happenings in life and in particular let us know about the psychology behind adolescence which is very salient for every individual to know about. Adolescence is the transition period between childhood and adulthood.
It encompasses some big physical and psychological changes accompanied by some intricacies and challenges as the individuals may not be aware of the changes in them. It is a very important stage of life with specific health and developmental needs and rights. It is a time to promote knowledge and skills, learn to cope up with the feelings and relationships, manage emotions and acquire attributes and abilities to the enjoy the adolescent age.
Adolescent psychology focusses on the issues that are unique to adolescents. Adolescence is a time of fluctuating and rapidly changing interests and desires, high energy, sexual maturation, physical growth and limited emotional insight. It can be full of exciting discoveries and changes as teens develop unique personal traits. Physical changes can be tracked by all but some some of the mental transitions could push them into a state of anxiety and distress and this stresses the need to know about adolescent psychology as everyone could not afford a psychiatrist all time. So it is very important for all the parents and the individuals as well to understand about the mental changes and how to handle the trauma.
When the adolescents grow into independent personalities there is also some growing pressures to evolve into a responsible person while they tussle with issues like sexuality and peer relationships. Adolescent psychology helps them with the transition from a child to an adult. If anyone is struggling with the teenage life, it is very normal and here the parents should play an important role by making it normal without putting their children in more torment. What are the problems that adolescents more likely to go through?
- Be more impulsive
- Mishandle or Misunderstand emotions and social cues.
- Indulge in making vulnerable decisions, physical fight.
- Risky behaviors, mental health disorders, emotional assault, anxiety.
So this period is a quite complex process where they become more prone to the above mentioned complications. Brain development during this period is particularly important. The areas of the brain that allows teens to control behaviors and emotions experience significant development during this phase. Teenagers also acquire the the capacity to think and act more efficiently due to changes in the myelin and synapses of the brain. Many physical changes drive the changes of the ability to think and behave.
Teens equally perceive opportunities and challenges as well. Imagination and complex reasoning develop exponentially in this phase where they develop cognitively. Individuals need to be made aware of the complications and made to be understood that it is okay to have infatuations, sexual attractions, behavioral changes, or any kind of anxiety or depression. The most important fact that drives them crazy is they think that only they experience these sort of challenges. As we educate children about the physical hormonal changes in school it is as important to teach them about all the mental changes that occur. Parents can contribute on a greater note to help the troubled teens out of these difficulties by creating a culture of open communication to get to know about their thoughts and opinions, granting them some responsibilities in the family , guiding their attitudes and beliefs, establish boundaries and rules, understand the reason behind the anger or grief, promote their self esteem and make their adolescence a gratifying one!