Music Of India

India is rich in various types of music played in different traditions, cultures, being played since ages. There are mainly 3 types of music: Classical music, Folk music and Modern music.

Classical Music

It includes Carnatic music and Hindustani music. The basic concepts of this music includes Shruti (microtones), Swaras (notes), Alankar (ornamentations), Raga (melodies improvised from basic grammars), and Tala (rhythmic patterns used in percussion). Thereare seven svaras are Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha and Ni respectively.

Folk Music

It consists the music according to the state and regions. Some of them are:

Dandiya and Garba

Dandiya or Raas is a form of Gujarati cultural dance that is performed with sticks. The present musical style is derived from the traditional musical accompaniment to the folk dance. There is also another type of dance and music associated with Dandiya/Raas called Garba.

Haryanavi music

The folk Music of Haryana spread because of the Bhats, Saangis, and Jogis. It is sung and played in the state of Haryana, parts of western UP and neighboring districts of Rajasthan and Punjab.


Himachal’s folk music varies according to the event or the festival. One of the most popular style of music is Nati Music, where nati being the traditional dance that is done on the song. Nati Music is usually celebratory, and done in fairs or other occasions such as marriages.


It is the traditional form of Islamic songs practiced Northern India. It is also linked to the Sufi tradition and performed with one or two lead singers with several musical instruments like harmonium, tabla, dholak, etc.

Rajasthani music

It is one of the most popular forms of music in India. The essence of Rajasthani music originates from the creative symphony of string instruments, percussion instruments, and wind instruments accompanied by melodious renditions of folk singers.


t is a type of music with a short poem with a series of couplets. Each couplet is an independent poem.