On the Independence Day, Jawaharlal Nehru’s first speech began with, “At the stroke of midnight, when the world sleeps, India shall awake to life and freedom…”
Rabindranath Tagore composed ‘Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata’ which then later was renamed ‘Jana Gana Mana’ and was adopted as the national anthem by the Constituent Assembly of India.
Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha (KKGSS), located in Dharwad in Karnataka is the only authorised manufacturer of the Indian flag. It has the sole authority to manufacture and supply the Indian national flag.
Although the Indian Independence Act was approved on 18 July 1947, Lord Mountbatten, the last viceroy and the first Governor-General of India, chose 15 August as Indian Independence Day as it was the same day on which Japan surrendered to the Allied Forces.
Pakistan’s Independence Day should have been on the same day, but lord Mountbatten being the last viceroy of undivided British India had to be present at both ceremonies in Delhi and Karachi. Hence, Pakistan’s Independence Day was celebrated on 14 August.
The name India comes from the River Indus.
India had no official National Anthem at the time of independence. Later on, Jana Gana Mana, originally written in 1911, was officially adopted as the Indian national anthem on 24 January 1950.
At the time of celebration of the country’s first Independnece, Mahatma Gandhi was not present. He was on a hunger strike that was conducted to stop the communal killings that were triggered due to partition.
There was no president or prime minister heading the country. Independent India lacked in having a structured government. At the time of Independence, The Governor-General was the only and the most authoritative person in India. Later, the political framework developed when India became a republic.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister, hoisted the national flag 17 times from the fortification of the Red Fort on Independence Day.
India shares its Independence Day with five more countries, Bahrain, North Korea, South Korea, Congo, and Liechtenstein on August 15, but with different years.