The nectar of development administration is to bring changes through integration, organized and properly directed governmental action. The Administrative shift concern towards development objectives the researchers and practitioners of Public Administration forced to conceptualize the developmental conditions and to bridge the gap in administrative theory.
The term development administration was first coined in UL Goswami an Indian scholar’s article entitled ‘The structure of development administration in india’ published in 1955. George Gant, an american scholar is regarded as the father of development administration, Edward Weidner, Riggs , Ferrel Heady were major contributor to this field.
Conceptual thinking in this area is notably available in the writing of a group of American experts on comparative administration such as Merle Fainsod, Montgomery and Diamant. The writing of these scholars not just talk about foundation not Development Administration but also contributed greatly to its formulation and growth. Emergence of concept of developing countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America due to the liquidation of colonialism and imperialism. Extensive american economic and technicalassistance plans to newly emerged developing countries. Developmental schemes in the developing countries through multilateral technical aid and financial assistance and established Comparative Administration Group.
After the World War Second, countries became politically independent, they have been facing political problem, they have been confronting immense problem if poverty, illiteracy, poor health, low agricultural productivity, lack of industrial development and socio political instability. The immediate action before these countries is to bring about socio economic transformation and nation building through change.
In order to achieve the objectives, the developing countries have under taken various Departmental activities in the economic and the social sphere of society. The term Development Administration is used to refer to the directly government led effort to intervene in the process of socio economic transformation.
The new administration required for the government in both quantitatively and qualitatively difference from the traditional administration. Development Administration is a concept that aim to strengthen the structure and function of developing countries in post world War II.
Objectives of Development Administration are conclude the innovative strategies for the development. Development Administration emphasis on development at the grassroot level. Development has to be need oriented and require self reliant process. It stress on social development and human capital as a major resource. Development has to be viewed not merely as a technological problem but found ideological ground.
Profound and rapid change in order to establish a distriction in social order. Recognizing and highlighting the unity, effective and efficient use of scarce resources. Creation of a politics administration environment which is oriented towards securing basic needs of the population. Freedom of administrative machinery to express its values and beliefs without fear or favour on programmes and projects.
The capacity of an administrative system to take decisions in order to meet the increasing demands coming from the environment with objective of achieving larger political and socio economic goals. Specialization and division of tasks and in the professionalism is personnel. Increase in administrative capability and capacity. A pattern increasing effectiveness in the optimum utilization of available resources and increase the Governance capability and capacity. Modernising the bureaucracy by external inducement and transfer of technology and training is necessary.
Development Administration of developing nation’s is rooted in the field as most of the developmental activities take place at field level. Emphasis on decentralization of authority which enables the different field units. Administration encompasses contribution from cultural anthropology and sociology. A wider perspective than the conventional approach based on organizational reforms. Development administration lays emphasis on self reliance and participation of people in the development activities. It stresses decentralized, responsive and accountable management of Developmental plans, policies and programmes.
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