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anithamarimithu

The Egyptian Civilisation

As one of the oldest civilisations,the Egyptian Civilisation is known for its monumental architecture, agriculture,arts, sciences and crafts at a very early age. Geography Egypt lies in the north-eastern corner of the African continent.It is bounded by the Red sea on the east and Mediterranean sea in the north.Egypt is […]

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Invertebrata

Phylum porifera These are multicellular,non – motile aquatic organisms, commonly called as sponges.They exhibit cellular grade of organization.Body is perforated with many pores called Ostia and leads to a canal system.It circulates water throughout the body and carries food, oxygen.The body wall contains spicules,which form the skeletal framework.Reproduction is by […]

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Mauryan Empire

Sources Mauryan Empire – India’s First Empire Chandragupta Maurya The Mauryan Empire was the first largest empire in India.Chandragupta Maurya established the empire in Magadha. Bhadrabahu,a Jain monk,took Chandragupta Maurya to the southern India Chandragupta performed Sallekhana(Jaina ritulas in which a person fasts unto his death) in Sravanbelgola (Karnataka). Bindusara […]

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Hardware and software

Computer is a device comprising both hardware and software.The functions of hardware and software combines together to make the computer functional.A hardware device helps to enter input information.The software processes the input data and gives the output in the monitor,a hardware device.Thus computer is like a human body,where human body […]

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South Indian Kingdom

By the early 7th century, synchronising with the Harsha’s region in the north,the fat south had come under the control of the pallava kings of Kanchipuram.Pallava sovereignty included the domains of the Cholas and the Pandyas.The latter were then emerging as ruling dynasties in their respective river valley regions.Much of […]

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Russian Revolution and its Impact

The biggest outcome of the war,the Russian revolution,was unique in world history.The socio political and economic conditions prevailing in Russia were brought to head by the War.There were really two revolutions in the year 1917 ,one in March and the other in November.On the abdication of the Tsar the bourgeois […]

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Emergency of New Kingdoms in South India:Later Cholas

1.The Later Cholas The Cholas are one among the popular and well-known Tamil morarchs in the history of South India.The elaborate state structure,the extensive irrigation network,the vast number of temples they built, their great contributions to art and architecture and their overseas explots have given them a pre-eminent position in […]

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Reproduction and Modification in plants

We know already that flowering plants have root,stem and leaves.They are called vegetative organs.Flowers,fruits and seeds in a plant are called reproductive organs.In earlier classes we have seen that new plants can be grown from seeds.In this lesson,we are going to know how a flower changes itself into a fruit,and […]

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Disease

A disease is the functional or physically change from a noraml state that affects the health of a person by causing disability or discomfort.The following are the conditions that could lead to the development of disease in an individual. → Infection caused by disease-causing microbes. → Lack of balanced diet. […]

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Minerals

Mineral is a natural substance of organic or inorganic origin with definite chemical and physical properties.The process of extracting mineral from the earth is known as mining.The mines near the earth crust are known as open pit mines while the deep mines are known as shaft mines. Types of Minerals […]

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Interior of the Earth

The earth,our homeland,is a dynamic planet.The earth’s surface has lofty mountains,high plateaus, large plains and deep valleys etc.The earth’s surface is constantly undergoing changes inside and outside.Have you ever wondered what lies in the interior of the earth?what is the earth made up of?Let us learn about this in detail. […]

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Sources of Medieval India

The periods from A.D..(CE) 700 to 1200 and from A.D.(CE) 1200 to 1700 are classified as Early Medieval and Later Medieval periods, respectively,in Indian history.Numerous and varied sources are fortunately available to the historians engaging in the study of Medieval India.Added to the information that can be gleaned from inscriptions, […]

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Political Parties

Political parties are the voluntary associations of individuals with broad ideological identity who agree on some policies,formulate an agenda and programme for the society.Political parties seek to implement thier policies by winning people’s support through election.Parties vary in size and in the ways they organize themselves as well as in […]

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Landforms

The landscape is being continuously worn down by two processes – weathering and erosion.Weathering is the breaking and falling apart into small pieces of the rocks on the earth’s surface.Erosion is the wearing down of the landscape by different agents like water,wind,ice and sea waves.The eroded material is carried away […]

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