12 Greek gods were considered to be the main gods, the most important deities in Greek mythology. They resided on Mount Olympus where the throne of Zeus is considered to be situated according to Greek Mythology.
I have mentioned the Twelve Olympians in the list below:
- ZEUS: Zeus is referred to as the king of gods, the allfather, the chief of gods. He was born to Cronus and Rhea. Zeus was horrified with human sacrifice and so he flooded the world to wipe out humans. Throughout history, he is depicted as someone who terrorized humans by thunder and lightning.
- HERA: Hera is known as the Queen of Gods, matron goddess. She is Zeus’s sister as well as wife. She is the goddess of marriage, family, childbirth. Hera is famous for her jealousy so much so that even Zeus was scared of her rage.
- POSEIDON: Poseidon is the god of the horses, sea, oceans, and earthquakes. He was the second son of Cronus and Rhea.
- DEMETER: Sister and wife to Zeus, Demeter is the god of harvest, fertility, agriculture, sacred law. She also bore Plutus to Lasion. Her favorite animal is the pig.
- ATHENA: She is the goddess of war and wisdom. She was also known for spinning and weaving. No one is better than her domains i.e., war and wisdom, she is so fierce that even Ares fears her.
- APOLLO: He is the God of Oracles, archery, arts and music, knowledge, sunlight, herds, and protection of the young. His parents are Zeus and Leto. He is also considered the most beautiful Greek god. He is known as an averter of evil.
- ARTEMIS: Daughter of Zeus and Leto, twin sister of Apollo, Artemis is considered as the goddess of wild animals, hunting, vegetation, and childbirth.
- ARES: Son of Hera and Zeus, Ares is the god of war. He was not worshipped much because of his brutality and cruel nature. Although Athena was also the goddess of war, she represented a strategic part of the war, unlike Ares who represented killing.
- APHRODITE: She is the goddess of desire, love, beauty. According to Iliad, Aphrodite is the daughter of Zeus and Dione. She was married to Hephaestus but she was not faithful to him because she cheated on him several times.
- HEPHAESTUS: Known as “the celestial artificer”, Hephaestus is the god of fire and blacksmiths. He is portrayed as ugly and unfit, unlike other Greek gods. He is one of the many children of Zeus and Hera.
- HERMES: Hermes is the god of travelers, road, thieves, athletes. He is considered the herald of gods. He can move easily between the mortal world and the divine with the help of his winged sandals.
- HESTIA/BACCHUS: Other than the above-mentioned 11 gods, either Hestia or Bacchus is considered the twelfth god to reside on Mount Olympus. Hestia is the goddess of the hearth, virginity, home, and family. Bacchus is the god of wine, theatre, and ritual madness.