A country’s foreign policy is determined by its history, geographical position and the time in which it is undertaken. Geopolitics plays a very dominant role in shaping its foreign policies. India’s foreign policy was first nurtured by Jawaharlal Nehru, post- independent India’s Prime minister. It was fostered at the time when the world was busy contending from imperialist and capitalist and had growing influence of socialist and democratic institutions.
The Indian National Congress in as early as 1920s made a resolution conveying its aspiration to establish cooperation with neighboring countries. But the internal situation of that time did not permit them to develop international relations. Even before independence Indian leaders contentiously extended their support to many liberalized nations in their struggle against imperialist nations, they fought against various issues like racism, capitalism, freedom, equality and participated in various conference at the international level.
After independence India took devisive steps to establish friendly relations with other countries. India started establishing its foreign relations by exchanging ambassadors with USA, USSR, China and some other countries. India followed the path of non- alignment, its focus was majorly on peaceful coexistence. Nehru was quite realistic to recognize that economic strength was central to stability and social coherence of the country. Strengthening the country’s economy would even mean a stable guaranteed security and viability. Jawaharlal Nehru concentrated on the construction of heavy industries like steel mills, engineering and infrastructure projects.