What is environmental pollution ?
Is it degrading our lifestyle ?
How can we improve our environment ?
Let’s get through the topic .
One of the greatest problems that the world is facing today is that of environmental pollution, which is causing grave and irreparable damage to the natural world and human society with about 40% of deaths worldwide being caused by water, air and soil pollution and coupled with human overpopulation has contributed to the malnutrition of 3.7 billion people worldwide, making them more susceptible to disease.
Environmental pollution is defined as “the contamination of the physical and biological components of the earth/atmosphere system to such an extent that normal environmental processes are adversely affected.”From: Environmental Management, 2017
We all are well known about the word Environmental pollution . It is not some kind of new phenomenon , yet it is a greatest problem facing by our society . Still , people are avoiding the topic to its utmost.
Environmental pollution is one of the most serious global challenges. Wild-type organisms have a slower degradation rate of hazardous materials.
Both developed and developing nations share this burden together, though awareness and stricter laws in developed countries have contributed to a larger extent in protecting their environment.
Reasons behind environmental pollution
- The Burning of Fossil Fuels. Industrial Emission.
- Indoor Air Pollution.
- Microbial Decaying Process.
- Open Burning of Garbage Waste.
- Construction and Demolition.
- Urbanization and industrialization. Since the era of industrial revolution, man has continued to introduce hazardous materials into the environment at an alarming rate.Mining and exploration.
- Agricultural activities.
- Particulate matter.
- Energy production.
- Over population.
- Increase in global average temperature.
Effects of environmental pollution
1. Effects on Humans. The effects of environmental pollution on humans are mainly physical, but can also turn into neuro-affections in the long term. The best-known troubles to us are respiratory, in the form of allergies, asthma, irritation of the eyes and nasal passages, or other forms of respiratory infections. Other rarer diseases include hepatitis, typhoid affections, diarrhea, and hormonal disruptions.
2. Effects on Animals . Environmental pollution mainly affects animals by causing harm to their living environment, making it toxic for them to live in.
3. Effects on plants . As for animals, plants, and especially trees, can be destroyed by acid rains (and this will also have a negative impact on animals as well, as their natural environment will be modified), ozone in the lower atmosphere block the plant respiration, and harmful pollutants can be absorbed from the water or soil.
Solutions for environmental pollution.
- Evironment planning.
- Shifting to eco-friendly transportation.
- Air pollution must involve moving away from fossil fuels, replace them with sustainable fuels .
- Solar power .
- Wind power.
- Go green.
- Storage facilities for solid waste.
- Environmental friendly products.
- Policies implimentation for environmental pollution.
- We also need to work on electromagnetic radiation (ER) reduction.
- Awareness through mass media.
- More green parks and areas.
- Environmental education, etc,.
“We say we love flowers, yet we pluck them. We say we love trees, yet we cut them down. And people still wonder why some are afraid when told they are loved.”~ Paul Morley