Dr.A.P.J.Abdul Kalam

A.P.J.Abdul Kalam, in full Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, (born October 15, 1931, Rameshwaram, India-died July 27, 2015, Shillong), Indian scientist and politician who played a leading role in the development of India’s missile and nuclear weapons programs. He was president of India from 2002 to 2007.

Kalam earned a degree in aeronautical engineering from the Madras Institute of Technology and in 1958 joined the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

In 1958 he moved to the Indian Space Research Organisation, where he was project director of the SLV-III, the first satellite launch vehicle that was both designed and produced in India.

Rejoining DRDO in 1982, Kalam planned the program that produced a number of successful missiles, which helped earn him the nickname “Missile Man”.

Among those successes was Agni, India’s first intermediate range ballistic missile, which incorporated aspects of the SLV-III and was launched in 1989.


1. The complete name of sir A.P.J.Abdul Kalam is Avul pakir jainulabdeen Abdul kalam.

2. He had born in Rameswaram, TamilNadu.

3. He was a very hard working student since his childhood.

4. He had done outstanding work on the ballistic missile technology and launch vehicle systems.

5. He played a pivotal role in pokhran-II, India’s nuclear test at pokhran in 1998.

6. He also played a key role in the development of the Agni missile system for Indian Defense.

7. He penned down his autobiography named ‘Wings of Fire’ in the year 1999.

8. He become the president of India by the unanimous support of ruling as well as of opposition party.

9. He was the prestigious Bharat Ratna awardee in the year 1997.

10. A.P.J.Abdul Kalam was famous as the people’s president.

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