Euthanasia refers to deliberate action taken with the intention of ending a life, in order to relieve persistent suffering. It is performed by doctors when requested by people to put and end to illness and a lo of pain.

In most countries, euthanasia is against the law and it may carry a jail sentence. For a long time now, euthanasia ha been controversial and emotive topic.


There are different types of euthanasia

  • Voluntary euthanasia:

It is conducted with the consent of the patient. 

  • Non-Voluntary euthanasia:

It is conducted when the consent of the patient is not available.

  • Involuntary euthanasia:

It is conducted against the will of the patient.

  • Passive and active euthanasia:

Passive euthanasia entails the treatment necessary for the continuance of life. Active euthanasia entails the use of lethal substances and is more controversial.


There are many arguments both for and against euthanasia.

Some believe euthanasia is murder and find it unacceptable for moral reasons. Some argue that it is legal if someone is mentally capable of making their choice.

“Death with dignity” is a movement that encourages legislatures to allow people to decide how they want to die. Some people prefer not to go through a lot of pain while dying and often it concerns on not putting burden on their loved ones which is what exactly this movement defines.

It is also concerned about the ethical complications that doctors could face. Long back doctors have taken the Hippocratic oath which implies to care for and never harm those under their care. As a result most doctors never encourage euthanasia. But even in that Hippocratic oath some argue that it ends suffering and brings no more harm and hence euthanasia is totally acceptable.


Well there are lot of debate going about the legality of euthanasia. But according to laws, euthanasia is legal in

  • Belgium,
  • Canada,
  • Luxembourg,
  • Netherlands,
  • New Zealand,
  • Spain and
  • several states of Australia.

Whereas in INDIA passive euthanasia is legal under strict guidelines. Patients must consent through a living will, and must be either terminally ill or in a vegetative state.

There is no particular conclusion in this case as the debate is still ongoing and one cannot come to a conclusion whether euthanasia is necessary or not. It it always in the individual and it is also a matter of choice.