“Most of the seven billion people in this world suffer from Malnutrition. Half do not have enough to eat and rest of us eat too much” – Earle Grey.
ABOUT Malnutrition refers to deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients. It can lead to serious health issues, including stunted growth, eye problems, diabetes, and heart disease. Malnutrition occurs when a person gets too much or too little of certain nutrients. Undernutrition occurs when they lack nutrients because they eat too little food overall. A person with undernutrition may lack vitamins, minerals, and other essential substances that their body needs to function.
SYMPTOMS OF MALNUTRITION:
Some signs and symptoms of malnutrition include:
• A lack of appetite or interest in food or drink • Tiredness and irritability • An inability to concentrate • Always feeling cold • Depression • Loss of fat, muscle mass, and body tissue • A higher risk of getting sick and taking longer to heal
TYPES OF MALNUTRITION:
Malnutrition is a group of conditions in children and adults generally related to poor quality or insufficient quantity of nutrient intake, absorption, or utilization.
There are two major types of malnutrition:
• Protein-energy malnutrition – resulting from deficiencies in any or all nutrients
• Micronutrient deficiency diseases – resulting from a deficiency of specific micronutrients CAUSES Malnutrition can occur for various reasons.
The sections below outline these potential causes in more detail.
• A low intake of food.
• Mental health conditions.
• Social and mobility problems.
• Digestive disorders and stomach conditions.
• Alcohol use disorder.
Diagnosis If a person shows or notices any signs of malnutrition, the first step will be to find out why. If a doctor suspects Crohn’s disease, celiac disease, or another condition, they may carry out laboratory tests to confirm a diagnosis.
• If a doctor diagnoses malnutrition, they will make a treatment plan for the person. The person may also need to meet with a nutritionist and other healthcare providers
• Treatment will depend on the severity of the malnutrition and the presence of any other underlying conditions or complications. Prevention
•To prevent malnutrition, people need to consume a range of nutrients from a variety of food types.
•The older adults, young children, people with severe or chronic illness, and others may need additional care to ensure that they obtain the nutrients they need.