“Writing to me, is simply thrilling to my fingers”. This quote is said by Issac Asimov. The art in itself, is not only a thrilling one; but its arrival denotes a thriving change that has happened in the history. With the invention of writing, transition has occured from prehistoric culture to historic one. It enabled the ancestors to record the past for the sake of upcoming generations. Initially writing was used to document, trade transaction which takes precedence over the drafting of chronicles; which served to restore the thoughts of the ancestors.
The first writing systems have been pictographic. The ancient Egyptian texts were written in hieroglyphs, a highly developed and complicated pictographic language that was used, for nearly 3000 years. Each words that we consider as older in their etymology, had its own symbol. The earliest writing systems was discovered around 3300 B.C. in the Sumerian city of Uruk in Mesopotamia. The code of Hammurabi was developed by the king in such name which did not live until some 1500 years later. This code was written in the cueniform script; which arised out of scratching the symbols on clay, and it became wedge-shaped.
Cueniform gave rise to logographic writing system in which a single word is represented by one symbol. The stock of symbols became large as such, Chinese had used nearly 50,000 symbols. Currently most of the writing systems in the world are alphabetic. Each alphabetic language is denoted by its own mother tongue of the place such as Cryillic, Arabic and Latin. Such writing systems are phonographic as they are related to sounds, though sounds and writing cannot always coincide.