Epigenetics

Epigenetics is the study of heritable phenotypic modifications that do not entail DNA sequence changes in biology. [1Epigenetics is defined by features that are “on top of” or “in addition to” the usual genetic foundation for heredity. The Greek prefix epi- (- “over, outside of, surrounding”) denotes traits that are […]

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Aneuploidy

Aneuploidy is the presence of an aberrant number of chromosomes in a cell, such as 45 or 47 instead of the usual 46 in a human cell. A difference of one or more entire sets of chromosomes is not included. A euploid cell is one that has any number of […]

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Genome instability

Genome instability (also known as genetic instability or genomic instability) is characterised by a high frequency of mutations in a biological lineage’s genome. Changes in nucleic acid sequences, chromosomal rearrangements, and aneuploidy are all examples of mutations. In bacteria, genome instability does occur. Genome instability is a key element in […]

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Multiple myeloma

Multiple myeloma (MM), also known as plasma cell myeloma and simply myeloma, is a cancer of plasma cells, a type of white blood cell that normally produces antibodies. Often, no symptoms are noticed initially. As it progresses, bone pain, anemia, kidney dysfunction, and infections may occur. Complications may include amyloidosis. The cause of multiple myeloma is unknown. Risk factors include obesity, radiation exposure, family history, and certain chemicals. Multiple myeloma […]

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Plasma cell

Plasma cells, also known as plasma B cells, are white blood cells that are produced by B lymphocytes in the lymphoid organs and express huge amounts of proteins called antibodies in response to certain substances called antigens. These antibodies are delivered from plasma cells to the target antigen (foreign substance) […]

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B cell

B cells, also known as B lymphocytes, are a type of white blood cell of the lymphocyte subtype. They function in the humoral immunity component of the adaptive immune system. B cells produce antibody molecules; however, these antibodies are not secreted. Rather, they are inserted into the plasma membrane where they serve as a part of B-cell receptors. When a naïve or […]

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Antigen-presenting cell

Antigen presentation is the process of a cell displaying antigen bound by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) proteins on its surface; this is known as antigen presentation. These complexes may be recognised by T cells via their T cell receptors (TCRs). Antigens are processed by APCs and presented to T-cells. Antigens […]

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Phagocytosis

Phagocytosis (from the Ancient Greek (phagein) ‘to eat’ and o, (kytos) ‘cell’) is the process by which a cell uses its plasma membrane to ingest a big particle (0.5 m), resulting in the formation of an internal compartment known as the phagosome. It’s a specific sort of endocytosis. A phagocyte […]

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ZERO CALORIE DIET PLAN

Is it true that you are burnt out on looking for the best eating regimen plan? In addition, the charges of dietitians make it somewhat costly. Everybody is looking for some mystical eating routine arrangement that consumes their fat in a split second and gets quick outcomes. All things considered, […]

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Apoptosis

Apoptosis (from Ancient Greek ἀπόπτωσις, apóptōsis, “falling off”) is a form of programmed cell death that occurs in multicellular organisms. Biochemical events lead to characteristic cell changes (morphology) and death. These changes include blebbing, cell shrinkage, nuclear fragmentation, chromatin condensation, DNA fragmentation, and mRNA decay. The average adult human loses between 50 and 70 billion cells each day due to apoptosis. For an average human child between the ages […]

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Cell culture

Cell culture is the process by which cells are grown under controlled conditions, generally outside their natural environment. After the cells of interest have been isolated from living tissue, they can subsequently be maintained under carefully controlled conditions. These conditions vary for each cell type, but generally consist of a suitable vessel with a […]

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Pipette

A pipette (sometimes called pipet) is a laboratory tool used to transfer a measured volume of liquid, generally as a media dispenser, in chemistry, biology, and medicine. Pipettes are available in a variety of designs and levels of accuracy and precision, ranging from simple single-piece glass pipettes to more complex […]

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Clothing technology

Clothing technology includes production, materials, and developed and implemented improvements. Major changes in the manufacture and distribution of clothing are included in the timeline of clothing and textiles technology. The usage of technology has drastically altered clothes and fashion in the contemporary age, from clothing in the ancient world through […]

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Wearable technology

Wearable technology, wearables, fashion technology, smartwear, tech togs, streetwear tech, skin electronics or fashion electronics are smart electronic devices (electronic device with micro-controllers) that are worn close to and/or on the surface of the skin, where they detect, analyze, and transmit information concerning e.g. body signals such as vital signs, and/or ambient data and which allow in some […]

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Least expensive Cities to Visit in Italy

At the point when the word Italy rings a bell the musings that run are delectable pizza, scrumptious Italian dinner, the shoreline with awe inspiring sparkly water and the middle age design of Italy. Accordingly, there are numerous things that would draw in you towards them thus here are a […]

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