ABC of Punjab politics: Here’s a look at major political parties ahead of Assembly polls in 2022From AAP to SAD. here is a look at the major players in Punjab politics ahead of the next year’s Assembly elections

With former Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh announcing that he is set to float his own party and declaring that he is open to an alliance with the Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP), the 2022 Assembly election in the state is likely to see new political dynamics. Meanwhile, BJP’s age-old ally […]

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Cell-cell junctions

Introduction If you were building a building, what kinds of connections might you want to put between the rooms? In some cases, you’d want people to be able to walk from one room to another, in which case you’d put in a door. In other cases, you’d want to hold […]

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Cell Signalling

IntroductionConsider your cells to be nothing more than simple construction blocks, as mindless and immobile as bricks in a wall. If that’s the case, reconsider! Cells are able to monitor what is going on around them and respond in real time to stimuli from their surroundings and neighbours. Your cells […]

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Interferon

Interferons (/ntrfrn/) are a family of signalling proteins produced and released by host cells in response to the presence of a variety of viruses. A virus-infected cell will typically release interferons, causing neighbouring cells to boost their antiviral defences. IFNs are part of the cytokine family of proteins, which are […]

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Viperin

The RSAD2 gene encodes the virus inhibitory protein, endoplasmic reticulum-associated, interferon-inducible (Viperin), also known as RSAD2 (radical SAM domain-containing 2). Viperin is an interferon-stimulated gene that functions as a multifunctional protein in viral activities. Viperin can be produced by either IFN-dependent or IFN-independent routes, and certain viruses may employ viperin […]

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Nucleoside

Nucleosides are glycosylamines that are similar to nucleotides but do not contain a phosphate group. A nucleoside is made up of just a nucleobase (also known as a nitrogenous base) and a five-carbon sugar (ribose or 2′-deoxyribose), whereas a nucleotide has a nucleobase, a five-carbon sugar, and one or more […]

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Nucleotide

A nucleoside and a phosphate make up nucleotides, which are organic compounds. They are monomeric units of the nucleic acid polymers deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), which are both fundamental macromolecules in all living things on Earth. Nucleotides are received from the diet and are also produced by […]

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Human Genome Project

The Human Genome Initiative (HGP) was an international scientific research project that aimed to determine the base pairs that make up human DNA, as well as to identify and map all of the human genome’s genes, both physically and functionally. It is still the greatest collaborative biological effort in the […]

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How to plan career after 12th

Once class 12th results are out and the school is over, it is time to make the strategies for higher education and think over what to do next. With numerous options available today, students often get confused in choosing a relevant career path for them. Many of the students might […]

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Superfoods for immunity

In times like today, health has become the primary concern for all. Good immunity proportionates healthy living which comes from eating the right food in the right amount. Superfoods are the go-to food items for strong immunity and good health. Superfoods are high in nutrition having very few calorie count. […]

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Forced migration- a major crisis in Uttarakhand

Forced migration can be described as mass movement of people of a particular area out of threat to their lives and livelihoods. People unwilling to leave their home towns and countries are forced to migrate to nearby, or sometimes far away, cities, towns and countries to have access to better […]

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Phenotype

The phenotype (from Greek o- (faino-)’showing’ and (tpos) ‘type’) is a set of observable features or qualities of an organism in genetics. The phrase refers to an organism’s morphology, or physical shape and structure, as well as its developmental processes, biochemical and physiological features, behaviour, and behavioural outcomes. The expression […]

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